is an archipelago lying in the Arctic Ocean north of mainland
Europe, about midway between Norway and the North Pole. It consists
of a group of islands ranging from 74° to 81° North, and 10° to 35°
East. The archipelago is the northernmost part of the Kingdom of
Norway. The largest settlement is Longyearbyen. The Svalbard Treaty
recognises Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard and the 1925 Svalbard
Act makes Svalbard a full part of the Norwegian Kingdom.