|Tajikistan is a
mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders
it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north,
and China to the east. Disputed Gilgit Baltistan and Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan are separated from Tajikistan by the narrow
Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan in the south.
Most of Tajikistan's population belongs to the Persian-speaking
Tajik ethnic group, who share language, culture and history with
Afghanistan and Iran . Once part of the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan
became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th
century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR).
Mountains cover over 90% of this Central Asian republic.